Review Article

Folate deficiency was more common than other B vitamins deficiencies in patients with IBD: A systematic review and meta-analysis

Abstract

An accurate understanding of B vitamin status in patients with Inflammatory Bowel Disease (IBD) can prevent controversial dietary advice; hence, the current study aimed to review the literature published on B vitamins status in patients with IBD systematically.

An extensive literature search was conducted through search engines including PubMed, Scopus, and Google Scholar from Jan. 2000 to 26 April of 2020. The meta-analysis was performed using random effect measures.   

Thirteen cross sectional and 19 case-control studies including 8492 participants were selected. Vitamin B12 deficiency was mostly observed (above 30%) in patients with Crohn disease (CD). Folate deficiency was mostly found in patients with CD (92%) and the ones with ulcerative colitis (UC) (94.2%). In several studies, the prevalence of vitamin B12 and B6 deficiency was greater in patients with CD than in the ones with UC. Based on meta-analysis results, there were no significant differences in the mean serum level of vitamin B12 between patients with IBD and controls.

This review showed that the prevalence of B vitamins deficiency was higher in patients with UC than in the ones with CD, and folate deficiency was more common than other B vitamins deficiencies in patients with IBD.

Files
IssueVol 6 No 1 (2020): (Winter 2020) QRcode
SectionReview Article(s)
Keywords
: Crohn Disease, Ulcerative Colitis, Vitamin B

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Creative Commons License This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.
How to Cite
1.
KOOCHAKPOOR G, Shabbidar S, Iraji Z, Hosseini-Esfahani F, Mirmiran P. Folate deficiency was more common than other B vitamins deficiencies in patients with IBD: A systematic review and meta-analysis. J Nutr Sci & Diet. 2022;6(1):27-46.