Original Article

Comparison of carbohydrate quality index amongst nurses with and without premenstrual syndrome: a case-control study


Background and Objectives: Due to lack of adequate evidence on the association between intake of carbohydrate and risk of premenstrual syndrome, we aimed to address this issue by analyzing the carbohydrate quality index amongst nurses with and without premenstrual syndrome as a stress intensive career group.

Methods: We examined 151 nurses with and 156 nurses without premenstrual syndrome in current study (totally: 307). Data were collected through interviews using socio-demographic questionnaire, Pre-menstrual Symptom Scale, Food Frequency Questionnaire and International Physical Activity Questionnaire. The carbohydrate quality index was calculated by sum of scores including solid carbohydrate/total carbohydrate, total dietary fiber, GI, and whole grains/total grains. We were utilized Independent sample t-test, Chi-square, One-way analysis of variance, analysis of Covariance and Logistic regression tests to analyze the data.

Results: After adjusting for covariates, participants in the highest quartile of carbohydrate quality index had lower odds ratio of premenstrual syndrome (odds ratio: 0.97, confidence interval: 0.50-1.86) compared with the lowest quartile. However, this difference was not significant (P-trend=1.0). In addition, no relationship was found between premenstrual syndrome and carbohydrate quality index subscales including glycemic index, solid carbohydrate/total carbohydrate, total dietary fiber, and whole grains/total grains.

Conclusions: There is no relationship between different dietary carbohydrate indices and premenstrual syndrome, although further studies are needed to fully determine the possible associations.

Key words: Carbohydrate Quality Index, Case Control Study, Premenstrual Syndrome.

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IssueVol 5, No 2 (Spring 2019) QRcode
SectionOriginal Article(s)
Carbohydrate Quality Index Case Control Study Premenstrual Syndrome.

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How to Cite
Khademian F, Koohdani F, Qorbani M, Siassi F, Farasati N, Abashzadeh K, Sotoudeh G. Comparison of carbohydrate quality index amongst nurses with and without premenstrual syndrome: a case-control study. J Nutr Sci & Diet. 5(2).