Journal of Nutritional Sciences and Dietetics 2016. 2(1):.

Food security status, Intelligence Quotients and associated factors in village of Qehi, Esfahan
Elaheh Honarkar Shafie, Fatemeh Taheri, Ahmad R Dorosty, Shima Abdollahi, Omid Toupchian

Abstract


Introduction: Food insecurity is a global problem with considerable health impacts and is especially important in children as it can affect their learning ability.

Objective: The present study was designed to determine household food insecurity status, intelligence quotients (IQ) and their associations with some relevant factors in village of Qehi, Esfahan.

Subjects and Design: This study was conducted in 2016 on all of the children under the age of seven years in village of Qehi.

Methods: The nutritional status of participants was determined by measuring their heights and weights. General information, FFQ and USDA questionnaires were used to collect data about households socio-economic and food security status during interviews with mothers. Goodenough Draw-A-Person test was used to assess the participants’ IQ.

Results: The prevalence of household food insecurity was 50%. There were significant associations between food insecurity and children sex and mother’s job status. Food insecurity was positively associated with number of household members (P<0.05) and negatively associated with children’s IQ, parental education level, and household economic status. In addition, students living in food-insecure households less frequently consumed meat, fruits and vegetables and had less number of meals and between meals intake (P<0.05). Children’s IQ was only associated with sex.

Conclusions: Food insecurity was prevalent among households in the studied population and it was associated with socio-economic factors. Based on these associations, food assistance programs and education is necessary in the studied population.


Keywords


Food insecurity, intelligence quotients, socio-economic status

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