Journal of Nutritional Sciences and Dietetics 2015. 1(4):.

Knowledge, Attitude and Practice of Iranian Population regarding Fast foods, Soft drinks, Salt and Oil: NUTRI-KAP survey
Zeinab Ahadi, Ramin Heshmat, Zahra Abdollahi, Mostafa Ghorbani, Gita Shafiee, Zeinab Tiznobeyk, Vahab Rezvani, Maryam Sanaei, Maryam Ghaderpanahi, Forouzan Salehi

Abstract


Background: The aim of this study was to survey Knowledge, attitude and practice (KAP) of fast foods, soft drinks, salt and oil in urban and rural regions in Iran.

Methods: In this cross-sectional study, Iranian households in both rural and urban areas of 31 provinces of Iran (2011-2012) including 14,136 persons who were responsible for cooking in family were studied. The sampling method was the single-stage cluster sampling with equal size clusters at households in each province. The data was gathered by using a structured questionnaire covering demographic variables, knowledge, attitude and practice about fast foods, soft drinks, salt, and oil by interview with the qualified person.

Results: Households in urban areas had higher correct knowledge level and favorable attitude toward fast foods, soft drinks, salt and oil than households in rural areas. The consumption of sausage, junk food, soft drink and synthetic juice was higher in rural (p<0.05).While, consumption of pizza, sandwich and non-alcoholic beverage was significantly higher among in urban regions (p<0.05). Respectively, solid and liquid oil were consumed frequently in rural and urban (p<0.05). In both of two areas, more than 95% of respondents stated to consume iodized salt (p=0.04).

Conclusion: The results of our study indicated that the nutrition KAP of Iranian population was acceptable. It showed that earlier nutritional educations were effective and helpful.


Keywords


Knowledge, Attitude, Practice, Fast foods, Soft drinks, Salt, Oil

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