Perceived body image in schoolchildren and its relationship with maternal perception of child body weight and some lifestyle factors in Tehran, Iran
Background : Obesity and its physical and psychological consequences is a multi-factorial status and relate to several factors including genetics, lifestyle, and body image (BI). Therefore, an accurate understanding of the leading causes and establishing appropriate approaches for its control, would be an important issue. The aim of this study was to evaluate the body image perception in schoolchildren and its relationionship with maternal perception of child weight and some lifestyle factors in Tehran, Iran.
Material/patients and methods : In this cross-sectional weight status of 1598 children was categorized according to the World Health Organization reference charts of body mass index in Tehran, Iran. The Collins Seven Figure Scale and a pretest questionnaire was used to assess the body image and some lifestyle factors in children and mothers of obese children. The relationship between variables and body image was analyzed using chi-square and logistic regression analyzes in SPSS (version.19).
Results: 72.4% of obese and 51.8% of non-obese children did not have an accurate body image. 60.2% of bese children`s mothers had an accurate perception of their children`s body image. Among all variables, a significant correlation was found between obese children and their mother`s body image (P=0.005) and father`s educational level(P=0.002).
Conclusion:It was found that most obese school children had an inaccurate perception of body image .Mothers of obese children had better body image perception of their children. It is suggested that regarding with better perception of body image, improving lifestyle factors would be important in prevention and control of obesity .
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